Trafalgar Square Updated: 6 months ago

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Trafalgar Square, located in central London, is an iconic public square with historical and cultural significance, with one of London's best-known landmarks, Nelson's Column.

It was designed by architect Sir Charles Barry in the 1840s and named in honour of the Battle of Trafalgar, a key naval victory for the British Royal Navy against the combined French and Spanish fleets in 1805 during the Napoleonic Wars.

At the heart of the square stands the prominent 52m high Nelson’s Column, a monument dedicated to Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson, who led the British to victory in the Battle of Trafalgar and died in the process. The column is topped with a statue of Nelson and guarded by four bronze lions sculpted by Sir Edwin Landseer. The column is one of the best-known landmarks in the city.

National Gallery and National Portrait Gallery are located on the square’s north side. In addition, there are often street artists on square chalk drawings directly on the tiles. Trafalgar Square is a popular place for holding events and is sometimes closed during the events. The square also features fountains designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens in the early 20th century, later updated with lighting and water displays.

Trafalgar Square has long been a centre for public gatherings, political protests, and various events, including New Year’s Eve celebrations and London’s annual Christmas tree lighting ceremony. In addition, the square is surrounded by important buildings, such as the National Gallery, a renowned art museum, and St. Martin-in-the-Fields, a historic Anglican church.

Today, Trafalgar Square remains an essential destination for tourists and locals, symbolising national pride and a hub for cultural events and gatherings.

Getting there

Charing Cross tube and train stations are only a couple of minutes from Trafalgar Square. Piccadilly Circus is also close and about five minutes walking distance away.


The National Gallery and National Portrait Gallery are located directly on the square. Horse Guards Parade is only a few minutes away towards the Thames. It is also easy to get to Buckingham Palace via the Mall starting from the square.

Nearest Stations

Charing Cross - 3 min

Bakerloo Northern London Underground Zone: 1

Piccadilly Circus - 5 min

Bakerloo Piccadilly London Underground Zone: 1

Leicester Square - 5 min

Piccadilly Northern London Underground Zone: 1

Activities from Get Your Guide